Hodgkin Lymphoma can be diagnosed by trained pathologists when they identify either of two types of special cells, Reed-Sternberg cells or Hodgkin cells. Depending on the cells seen under a microscope, the pathologist can determine which subclass of Hodgkin lymphoma you may have. This can help your physician provide the most appropriate treatment.
Although the cause of Hodgkin lymphoma is unknown, there are certain risk factors that may increase the likelihood of a person developing Hodgkin lymphoma, such as:
- Presence of Epstein-Barr viruses (EBV).
- HIV infection
- If your parent or sibling has Hodgkin lymphoma, you may be at greater risk, as some experts believe there may be a genetic predisposition for Hodgkin lymphoma.